Sciatica is a painful spinal condition characterized by pinching of the spinal nerve sciatica. There are many causes of the condition and sometimes, it becomes difficult to diagnose. Most severe causes of sciatica require surgery for treatment as no other methods can provide relief. 

In this post, we will see some of the signs that point toward sciatica. It is very important to get the condition diagnosed as early as possible to manage it with medications and minimize the risk of severe complications. 

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Before we move ahead, let us have a brief look at sciatica. 

Sciatica – An Introduction

Sciatica is a condition in which the pain travels from the lower back to the hips and buttocks and then to the legs. The reason why this occurs is the pinching of the sciatic nerve. Now, there could be many reasons for the pinching of the nerve and one of the common is a herniated disc, especially in the lower back. Besides this, overgrowth of the bone in the spine could also be the cause of the pinching of sciatica. 

Indications for Sciatica

There are some signs indicating that the cause could be sciatica. The signs you must notice include:

Shooting pain 

Sharp shooting pain is a common sign of sciatica. It could radiate from your back to your ankle. In some, the pain could be mild whereas, in others, it could be severe. The pain experienced could be continuous or intermittent. 

Numbness

The key cause of sciatica is the pinching of the spinal nerve and that could result in numbness and/or weakness in the legs, buttocks, and back. As a result, this makes it difficult to even do routine activities. It is also noticed that some people may also experience burning or tingling sensations. 

Loss of Balance

Sciatica affects the nerve that passes through your leg and that may cause numbness and tingling pain. Thus, the person might find it difficult to stand or walk properly. 

Muscle Weakness

When the sciatica nerve is damaged, you cannot do tasks or move around quickly. With time, limited movement results in the weakening of muscles. This affects the entire lifestyle of an individual. 

Pain While Sitting

Sciatica causes compression of the sciatic nerve and when the condition progresses to the advanced stage, the person will experience worse pain while sitting. So, if you experience pain while sitting, and it is continuous, sciatica may be the culprit. 

What Are the Causes and Risk Factors of Sciatica?

The pinching of the sciatic nerve is what causes sciatica, and that pinching is caused by some other conditions including a herniated disc in the lower spine, forming of bone spurs, a tumor, spinal injury, or spinal stenosis. 

Besides the above-mentioned causes, there are some risk factors that increase the chances of sciatica:

  • Age
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Prolonged sitting
  • Occupational factors

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